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EXEGESIS - PSALMS.

Venantius Fortunatus thus addresses S. Martin:--

"Thou seest Mary clad in glory's light,
The Lord's own temple, crowned with diadem,
The Bridegroom's nuptial couch, surpassing fair."*

"God is in the midst thereof it shall not be moved." -- v. 6.

"This is spoken of Mary who was made firm, according to what was said: Fear not, Mary. Or it is said of the Church in tribulation: God will help her in the morning early by holy inspection which the clean heart will merit. For blessed are the clean of heart, because they shall see God."+

"Happy root of Jesse, and most blessed house of David, wherein thou O Mother Virgin, and Virgin Mother didst bud forth. God is in the midst of thee, and thou shalt not be moved; for the Most High hath sanctified His own tabernacle. For in thee God's covenants and oaths have received their most glorious accomplishment: because through thee the Lord is made the God of hosts with us."++

"They were troubled, they were moved: trembling took hold of them. There were pains as of a woman in labour." -- xlvii. 6, 7.

"There are pains there bitter and grievous; I mean, in the Church, that city of the great King (v. 3) -- great pains as of a woman in labour until Christ be formed in us. And hence Paul was not without pain, when he saw in the foolish Galatians too tardy fruits of his teaching. Wherefore he said: My little children of whom I am in labour again until Christ be formed in you.** THe Lord also testifies in the Gospel that grievous are the pains of one in labour, when He says, A woman, when she is in labour, hath sorrow, because her hour is come; but when she hath brought forth the child she remembereth no more the anguish, for joy that a man is born into the world.|| Great then is the labour for any one to acquire Christ for himself, so as not to be like a ship driven about hither and thither in the sea of this world without a pilot. Christ is joy. He too is the child of whom he is in labour, who has received in th e womb of his mind the spirit of salvation. Whoso has brought forth and nourished, exults. Whoso is in labour, is in trembling and pain. It is well for thee both to bring forth and nourish Him... For in such wise was Christ born of Mary, that thou mightest know Him, even as the ox knoweth his owner, *** that He it is who created thee... that He is to be adored as true and perfect God, of true and perfect God... Hence Mary was not in labour of Him, but brought Him forth (non partuvirit sed peperit): for she knew that He who is both Lord and Saviour should be born of her, as she herself testifies, saying: My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.+++


* De Vita S. Martini.

+ Brev. in Psalt. in loc. Int. Opp. S. Hieron.

++ S. Methodius, De Simeone et Anna, section 9. Galland. Tom. iii., p. 813.

** Gal. iv. 19.

|| John xvi. 21.

*** Is. i. 3.

+++ S. Ambrose, In Ps. xlvii. Enarrat. n. 10, 11.

 

 

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