74
EXEGESIS - GENESIS.

"Through Mary all women are blessed. For no longer is the female sex cursed and under execration; since it has achieved whereby it can surpass in glory even the angels. Now Eve is cured, the Egyptian woman (Agar) reduced to silence, Dalila entombed, Jezabel whelmed in everlasting oblivion, Herodias, too, is lost to memory; and now the roll of women is held in admiration... For which cause let us say to Mary, Blessed art thou amongst women, thou who alone hast brought remedy for Eve's sorrow, alone hast wiped away the mourner's tears, alone hast borne the price of the world's redemption."*

"For this cause did the Virgin Mary undertake all those functions of nature (conceiving, bringing forth, giving milk), with regard to Our Lord Jesus Christ, that she might succour all women who fly to her protection; and thus restore the whole race of women as the New Eve, even as the New Adam, the Lord Jesus Christ, repaired the whole race of men."+

"Make thee an ark of timber planks," etc. -- vi. 14-22.

"Noe framed his ark of incorruptible woods, but Christ, the spiritual Noe, made for Himself the ark of His body from the incorrupt Mary."++

"O Mary, sacred ark, whereby we are saved from the deluge of sin."**

"Mary is an ark broader, longer, more celebrated than that of Noe. The one was an ark for animals, the other an ark of life; the one for perishing animals, but the other of incorruptible life; the one bore Noe, but the other Noe's Maker; the one had two and three stories, and floors and chambers, but the other one the whole fulness of the Trinity; since the Holy Ghost both came upon her and was her guest, whilst the Father overshadowed her, and the Son, carried in her womb, dwelt therein. For the Holy Ghost, it is said, shall come upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee: and therefore the Holy that shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

"Seest thou how great and of what kind is the dignity of the Virgin Mother of God? For the Only-begotten Son of God the world's Creator was born as an infant of her, re-formed Adam, sanctified Eve, drove out the dragon, and opened Paradise, keeping sure the seal of her womb."||

"An ark truly royal, an ark most precious is the ever-Virgin Mother of God, an ark which received the treasure of entire sanctification. Not that ark wherein were all kinds of animals, as in the ark of Noe, which escaped the shipwreck of the whole drowning world. Not that ark in which were the tables of stone, as in the ark that journeyed in company with Israel throughout the desert; but an ark whose architect and inhabitant, pilot and merchant, companion of the way, and leader, was the Creator of all creatures, all which He bears in Himself, but by all is not contained."***

xviii. 10-12; xxi. 7.

S. Ephrem in his sermon, In Abraham et Isaac, draws out the analogy between the conception of Sara, and the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, etc., dwelling on the former only for the sake of the latter.***


* S. Proclus, Orat. v. de Virginis laud.. Section Section iii. ap. Galland., T. ix., p. 631.

+ Serm. 15, al. 123, de temp. In Nat. Dom. vii. 3. Int. Opp. S. August.

++ S. Proclus, Orat. vii. in S. Theophania.

** S. Ephrem, Prec. iv. Opp. Graec. T. iii. p. 529.

|| Hesychius, Orat. de laudib. Deip.

*** Chrysippus, Orat. de laudib. Deip.

+++ Opp. Graec. iii. p. 376. See Morris, p. 19.


Digital Editor's Note: Here's the Douay-Rheims version of Genesis 18:10-12:
"And he said to him: I will return and come to thee at this time, life accompanying and Sara thy wife shall have a son. Which when Sara heard, she laughed behind the door of the tent. Now they were both old, and far advanced in years, and it had ceased to be with Sara after the manner of women. And she laughed secretly, saying: After I am grown old and my lord is an old man, shall I give myself to pleasure?"

Genesis 21:7: "And again she said: Who would believe that Abraham should hear that Sara gave suck to a son, whom she bore to him in his old age."

 

 

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