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EXEGESIS - PSALMS.

"Thou hast put on praise and beauty, and art clothed with light as with a garment." -- ciii. 2.

"Mary is the unspotted garment of Him who clothes Himself with light as with a garment."*

"From the womb, before the day-star I begot thee." -- cix. 3.

"If this is said of that generation whereby God the Son is begotten of God the Father. From the womb signifies from the secret, from the hidden, from the very Father, from the substance of the Father... and Before the day-star means, before the stars, that is, before all time, from eternity... But if it is here said in the person of the prophet, who says: The Lord said to my Lord: Sit thou at my right hand, then there is no doubt but that birth is signified, whereby David's Lord is David's Son. For David could say by reason of ancestry, whereby the Virgin Mary descended from his stem, From the womb have I begotten Thee, that is, from the virginal womb, wherein was alone the mother's conception, without seed of father. Fitly too is it said, Before the morning-star, because before the rising of day the Lord was born, as is shown from the testimonies of the shepherds who were keeping watch over their flocks."+

"Their seats have sat in judgement, seats upon the house of David." -- cxxi. 5.

"Thence they [the Apostles] came to Sion, and what Scripture says was fulfilled: There their souls sat for judgment, seats upon the house of David. For with them too was the great house of God, the splendid mountain of God, Mary the Mother of God."++

"Behold the inheritance of the Lord are children, the reward, the fruit of the womb." -- cxxvi. 3.

"The inheritance of the Lord, then, is that of children, the fruit of the womb received as a recompense. For this fruit is not empty, since God it is that is born, who still continues to have part in the virginal womb. Now His reward is an inheritance, and that reward is children. As many, says John, as received Him, He gave them power to be made the sons of God.** And, again, Jesus Christ says Himself: My little children, yet a little while I am with you.|| These children, then, are the inheritance, and the inheritance of the Fruit of the womb. And the Lord is the fruit of the womb, in bearing whom the Virgin brought forth the fruit of our life. And this is the reward of Him who willed by being born of the Virgin to become the Fruit of the womb, that the nations whom He should beget as sons by faith should be His inheritance."***


* S. Ephrem, Orat. ad Virg. Opp. Gr. T. iii., p. 528.

+ S. Prosper Aquitan., Expositio in Ps. cix.

++ S. Dionysius of Alexandria, Epist. contr. Paul. Samosatan.

** John i. 12.

|| Ib. xii. 33.

*** S. Hilary of Poitiers. Tom. 9, p. 760.

 

 

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