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EXEGESIS - PSALMS.

"that is, of Mary. He is Himself a servant, and consequently the Father is greater.*

"For with thee is the fountain of life." -- xxxv. 10.

"With Mary is a fountain of life, and the breasts of the rational milk without guile."+

"The queen stood on Thy right hand, in gilded clothing surrounded with variety. Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline thy ear: and forget thy people and thy father's house. And the King shall greatly desire thy beauty: for He is the Lord thy God, and Him they shall adore." -- xliv. 10-12.

"David was by no means ignorant that Christ Himself would come, nay, he makes mention hereof in the 44th Psalm.++ And lest any one should think that He came only phantastically, he signifies that He will be very man, and that He is He by whom all things were made, by saying in the 86th Psalm:** Mother Sion shall say, a man even a man is born in her, and the Most High Himself hath founded her, which is the same as though he said: And the Word was God, all things were made by Him, and the Word was made flesh.|| Wherefore, since he knew that He was to be born of the Virgin, he in no way kept it silent, but forthwith gave indication thereof in the 44th Psalm: Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline thy ear: and forget thy people and thy father's house. And the king shall greatly desire thy beauty. For this is like what Gabriel said: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee. For when he spoke of Him as Christ, he at once made known His human generation that was from the Virgin by the words, Hearken, O daughter. And you see Gabriel calls her by her name, Mary, because he was of a different nature from her, whilst David with reason calls her daughter, since she was to spring from his own seed."***

"The self-same who was born of the Virgin is, in truth, King, and the Lord God. And on His account, she who gave Him birth is properly and truly proclaimed Queen, Lady, and Mother of God. And hence it befits us, as we contemplate her and the Incarnate Son born of her, to say: The queen stood on Thy right hand, in gilded clothing; surrounded with variety. For, woman though she is, she is Queen and Lady, and Mother of God; and standing now as Queen at the right hand of her Son the King of all, she is celebrated in Sacred Writ as clad around with the gilded clothing of incorruption and immortality, and surrounded with variety. Not indeed merely in her spiritual simplicity, and as though without flesh and body does she stand, but clad around as to her most holy flesh with incorruption and immortality; and surrounded with variety as to her most holy bones, which support her flesh. For it was from her flesh and bones, as though from Adam of yore, that the New Adam formed His Incarnation as a rib for Himself, which He bears for ever. Hence too it is that the new Eve, called Mother of life, remains clad around and girt about with variety for the first-fruits of life immortal to all the living. Let us say again and again, always and for ever, as we cast our regards both to the person of the King, our Lord and God, and also to the person of the Queen, Our Lady, and Mother of God, from a certain influence of spiritual contemplation, and, so to say, clear actual vision: "The queen stood on Thy right hand, in gilded clothing, clad about, surrounded with variety."


* Cerealis Castellensis, Libellus contra Maximin. Arianum, cap. vi. P.L. Tom. 58, p. 760.

+ 1 Pet. ii. 2. S. Theodotus of Ancyra, Orat. in Deip. et in Simeon., Section iv. Galland. T. ix., p. 461.

++ vv. 7, 8.

** v. 5.

|| John i. 1, 3, 14.

*** S. Athanasius, Epist. ad Marcellin. in Interpret. Psalm. section 1.

 

 

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